Citrus Academy Production Learning Material

Citrus Academy Production Learning Material

The Citrus Academy has developed learning material for core unit standards belonging to the AgriSETA's Plant Production qualifications from NQF level 2 to 5. A set of learning material has been developed for each individual unit standard. Each set consists of a learner guide, facilitator guide, and assessment guides for learners and assessors.

Enterprise Selection and Establishment

Concerns itself with identifying the various components of an agricultural enterprise, with the selection and planning processes for a new enterprise, and looks at the physical layout of a farm, with specific reference to infrastructure, orchard layout etc.

Plant Structures and Functions

Considers the structure and function of various plant parts and the manner in which nutrients, water, air and sunlight is taken up and processed.

Plant Nutrition and Soil Management

Concerns itself with plant nutrients, in terms of the requirements of the citrus plant and the supplementation of nutrient elements through fertilisation, with specific reference to the timing and manner of application.


Looks at the process of determining fruit maturity through maturity indexing, the harvesting of fruit, and the tools and equipment used for this purpose.

Water Quality

Considers the various factors that influence water quality and manners in which water quality can be measured and controlled. Considers furthermore the effect of water quality on tree and fruit growth and development, in combination with effective irrigation, fertilisation and pest control.

Plant Manipulation

Identifies various types of physical and chemical plant manipulation, with specific reference to pruning, girdling and the application of plant growth hormones, and tools and equipment used for this purpose.


Looks at the technical aspects of orchard irrigation, with reference to the types of irrigation systems, the installation of new irrigation systems, and the repair and maintenance of an irrigation system. Also irrigation scheduling, and measures to ensure effective irrigation.

Crop Establishment

Concerns the establishment of a new citrus orchard, in terms of the physical planting of trees and the care for young trees.


Concerns the various methods and requirements for the multiplication of plant material of specific varieties that possess desired qualities.

Pests, Diseases and Weeds

Concerns the identification of pests, diseases and weeds that threaten citrus production. Also considers various methods of effective control, and the planning required for this purpose.

Crop Protection (Application)

Looks at the practical application of crop protection agents through various methods, with specific reference to tools and equipment used, and health and safety requirements.

Food Safety

Concerns the requirements in terms of health and safety, and environmental control for ensuring food safety and hygiene.


Considers the impact of farming practices on the environment, with reference to the measures required to minimise this impact and protect the environment.


Concerns the factors influencing citrus marketing, and the development of an effective marketing plan.

Production Management

Concerns the actions and processes involved in effective production management, with specific reference to the coordination of the various production tasks and processes and the creation of a strategic plan for the enterprise.

Industry Overview

An overview of the citrus industry and the various institutions involved.

Financial Management

Basic financial functions and layout of financial statements in an agricultural environment.

Human Resource Management

This unit standard explains the principles of human resources management and practices in agriculture.